The emergence of New Information Technologies and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in recent decades generated a major impact
The emergence of new Information Technologies and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in recent decades has generated a major impact on the everyday life of society.
Being aware of this new reality Governments began to outline the framework for promoting the intensive use of these new technologies to optimize public administration in order to provide better services to citizens, ensure transparency in acts of government, facilitate procedures, reduce costs, generate new spaces for participation and promoting the integration of the domestic to global markets.
What does e-Government means?
The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to redefine the relationship between government and citizens, improve the management and services, facilitate access to public information and support the integration and development of different sectors.
What is the National Electronic Government?
On April 27th 2005 the Decree 378/2005 approved the strategic guidelines that govern the National e-Government and Sectorial Plans for the intensive use of ICT in the bodies of the National Public Administration (APN ).
To this end, the National Office of Information Technology (ONTI) was created. The ONTI is the governing body for the use of information technology in Public Administration. It is formed by a multidisciplinary group of professionals and specialists in the field. It aims to formulate policies for technological innovation for the transformation and modernization of procedures, as well as promoting the integration of new technologies in the public sector, compatibility, interoperability and promoting technology standardization.
Despite these facts, electronic vote is pending. There is still a very poor performance in the process of incorporating electronically to people in decision-making processes. In this, Argentina is far away from the best experiences. Electronic voting is an electoral system based on computers and marketed as E-Democracy. The United States was the first to implement it in the late 80’s. Almost twenty years away from this it is nationally implemented by only four countries: Brazil, India, Venezuela, and the United States.
In Argentina, there is a clear purpose to migrate to e-vote: 27 bills have been presented to change the ballots by computer and no one yet has succeeded. Local experiences of e-voting took place at the municipal level: Berisso, General San Martín, San Isidro, and Vicente Lopez in the general election of October 28th, 2007.
The future prospects are encouraging: the increase in the number of computers, internet connections, cell phone users and smartphones in the market is significant. This fact changes the location of Argentina among the countries of the region. Another key element was the performance of the official portal www.argentina.gov.ar. It has developed a number of applications and tools that support e-participation, but still is below Brazil Peru, and Chile.
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